The pace of technology development for enhancing making ocean observations poses a challenge for the global ocean observing systems to properly integrate these new capabilities into sustained observing networks. In addition, a disconnect still exists between what is needed scientifically and what is available for comprehensive ocean observations, especially in terms of biological variables. How do we take advantage of new instruments and platforms that can significantly improve the efficiency, decrease the cost, or add new observations that were not previously possible without compromising the integrity and consistency of the long-term ocean observing record?

Inform and engage the community about acoutics in the Arctic through various forums (AOS April, Workshop (NSF, EU, NOAA, USARC, etc).

Establish working group on technical specification (acoustic and other instruments) and energy demands in the Arctic.

Establish working group on designing a multipurpose Ocean & Acoustic System using evaluation of ongoing and previous exeperiments, modeling, and OSSEs.

Advance an Arctic Ocean Observing System as part of GOOS; ensure the inclusion of the Arctic region with other emerging global networks (HABs, OA, etc.); and prioritize the Arctic as gap in the earth system/climate ocean data observations for forecasts and models.

Map spatial and temporal coverage by EOV/EBV of long-term sustained observations (beginning with North Pacific).

Develop an international strategy to coordinate ocean carbon observations and research – Integrated Ocean Carbon Research (IOC-R) with input from OceanObs’19 and workshop.

Hosting the “From global to local: Cultivating new solutions and partnerships for an
enhanced Ocean Observing System in a decade of accelerating change
” Workshop

Coordinate with Ocean Modelers (OSE/OSSEs) and survey existing data portals on deep ocean needs (ie requirement setting, FAIR data, demonstration sites, stakeholder use cases, integration of exploration and observing programs)

Catalog existing platforms and Ships of Opportunity to enhance biological observing systems, EBVs, and co-location of assets.
Identify linkages with programs/organizations addressing Harmful Algal Blooms (ie GlobalHABs, IOC, FAO, IOCCG, COCLIME).

Submit proposal for a task team to GOOS, SCOR, and IOOC and solicit feedback from science community on the “Observing Air-Sea Interactions Strategy (OASIS).”

Submit articles to a Special Issue of Frontiers in Marine Science focused on carbon, water energy heat momentum.

Inform and engage with interministry governments, banks, insurance companies, RENs, GOOS, and others on SMART Cables.

Inform and engage the scientific community on SMART Cables at various community forums (UN Oceans, JTF, 150y, Lisbon, WTSA, UN-ESCAP, AGU).

Develop a SMART cable re-use white paper.

Engage the modelling community and examine use ot OSSEs for SMART cables.

Identify enabling technologies and start with geolocation. IEEE will help disseminate current work in geolocation to new stakeholders and to set a framework/precedence for sharing information about other enabling technologies (eventually: autonomy).

Enable the SMART cable and scientific community to support NOAA and IOC’s emphasis on tsunami detection and storm surge for the UN Decade as it helps make ocean observations relevant to all stakeholders.

Creating an Integrated Arctic System with understanding the difficulties and sharing importance around polar acoustics and working with other ocean observing systems to share lessons learned and best practices.

Integrate marine energy with ocean observing devices and inform community of this need.

Catalog ocean observation needs (tied to EOVs), status of technologies currently in use, and technologies needed to address observation gaps (ie help sponsors know what to fund, industry know what to create).

Engage to develop integrated and multidisciplinary observing system (ie OASIS) for co-located obs, joint data management, and interpretation.

Advance an Integrated Biology and Ecosystem Observing System with GOOS BioEco, MBON, and the broader biological observing community.

Converge technology development processes across topics (ie DOOS-omics).

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A Sustainable, Fit-For-Purpose Ocean Observing System: Responding to User Needs

To realise a global or a regional fit-for-purpose ocean observing system by 2030 would benefit from consensus as to what fit-for-purpose means. Who are the main stakeholders and how to obtain feedback on the system performance. We will focus on what different users expect, how they can be integrated into putting the system together, how they are involved in design and operation of the system, and how we enhance sustainability of ocean observation systems by 2030. The All-Atlantic Ocean and its connection to the adjacent seas and polar oceans will be taken as an example.

Feedback processes with identified users and resource stakeholders are needed from the beginning, and should be reviewed on an ongoing basis to identify what is fit-for-purpose for users and societal benefit (and to adjust as needed).

Case studies can highlight the value of ocean observing information products so that nations will want to commit to sustained ocean observing activities.

Take into account existing pieces, commitments and regulations for developing a fit-for-purpose ocean observing system.

End-User Engagement: A Perspective From China

This special session will address nationally coordinated activities on end user engagement and how they interact with global ocean observations.

Improve coordination at and across different levels of ocean observing through enhanced dialogue with observers and users, for example through a consolidated network or portal.

Support tailored best practices for technological innovation, particularly at local and regional levels.

Create coordination/collaboration network or portal as a mechanism to facilitate regional, institutional, and thematic partnerships.

Governance Needs

With a vision for a fully integrated and responsive ocean observing system, a governance system needs to support the design, implementation, evolution, and maintenance of the system that our ocean, governments, and societal need. The present governance arrangements will not be sufficient to realize this ambition, as they do not connect the different communities, networks, and partners in fully achieving their potential and do not allow for full implementation of the concepts identified in the Framework for Ocean Observing. This breakout session will present outcomes from a series of workshops, followed by a moderated panel discussion with the goal of identifying a road map and recommendations for reforming the governance of the ocean observing system.

We recognize that OO governance is multi-level with many centers (polycentric). Engage them all to analyze gaps, harmonize principles, improve learning & sharing, and conflict resolution, and develop the network of actors.

We want to have collective impact with our stakeholders; let’s build a common agenda, ways to measure it, mutually reinforcingactivities, continuous communication, and backbone support (collective impact model).

Commission a working group, including ocean observers, and governance experts, to develop a revised governance system based on ideas presented at OceanObs’19.

Governance Working Group

Developing a funded working group and a series of follow up workshops

How Research Institutions Will Enable Innovation for the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) Over the Next Decade

While long-term ocean observations are critically important for physical, biological, and chemical research of our seas, sustaining routine observations does not always match immediate priorities of research institutions and agencies, such as JAMSTEC. On the other hand, it is true that innovative observing instruments, techniques, and methodologies stem from sustained observations. Taking the evolution of Argo as an example, this session will address the challenges and opportunities of how research institutions enable innovation through both research and sustained activities and how they contribute to the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS).

Strengthen relationships between federal entities and research institutions to improve overall observing systems.

Increase lifetime of floats and increase accuracy and stability of sensors.

Support science-based research during the development and sustained phase of platform-based observing systems.

Indigenous Ocean Governance

Indigenous nations have been involved in ocean observation for many generations, both through lived experience and through the use of new and emerging methods. However, the use of Indigenous knowledge in ocean observation is not always well understood or engaged by the non-indigenous community. In this session, delegates from Canada, Hawaii, the continental US, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands will provide insight on some of the priorities, methods, and values for Indigenous ocean observation today, and for the coming decade, followed by an opportunity for dialogue with the audience. Through this dialogue, this session aims to build relationships to ensure the rights, interests, knowledge, and specific ocean information needs and technical capacities of Indigenous peoples are reflected in the next decade of ocean observation efforts.

Formally recognize the traditional knowledge of Indigenous peoples worldwide as well as the articles within the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Establish meaningful partnerships with Indigenous communities, organizations, and Nations to learn and respect each other’s ways of knowing.

Negotiate paths forward to design, develop, and carry out ocean observing initiatives; and share responsibility and resources.

UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development

The UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development 2021-2030 will be a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to mainstream ocean science by focusing on existentially important issues of sustainable development, towards “the ocean we need for the future we want”. The upstream element of the entire Decade value chain will be a competent, reliably and durably resourced ocean observing system. The breakout session will review the summary of all planning efforts for the Decade by the time of OceanObs’19 and will try to project it on the potential configuration, existing building blocks, and requirements and incentives for such a competent ocean observing system.

Ocean Observing

Knowledge of ecosystems

Ocean data and information system

UN Sustainable Development Goals

This session will focus on the role of ocean observations and associated research and application development in implementation, monitoring, and reporting in support of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG14 – Life Below Water, as codified in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Given the urgency of a changing ocean and increasing national data needs to ensure the sustainable management of ocean resources, the challenge is to increase significantly the availability and delivery of high-quality, timely, reliable and sustained data that provides fit-for-purpose SDG information. Mechanisms and solutions to facilitate the delivery of this information will be discussed, likewise the role of the upcoming UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development in support of this and other global initiatives.

Capacity building for students and early career professionals to understand the Agenda 2030, the SDGs and the international momentum of the oceans in a more holistic and integrated way considering the oceans as a socio-ecological system.

Increase the capacity of developing countries to produce continued observations that are fit-for-purpose of their policy concerns but at the same time useful to inform at the global level.

Enforce national and international efforts to connect scientists and statistical offices to ensure that the best available data and information are reported to support the achievement of the SDG targets.

SDG Working Group

Developing a working group to support SDGs and synthesizing feedback on priorities from the IOC