ECOSYSTEM HEALTH & BIODIVERSITY

OUTCOMES & ACTIONS

Human society largely benefits from marine biodiversity and healthy ecosystems that are under increasing multiple stressors’ pressure (e.g. ocean acidification). Seeking the way of observing complex ecosystem dynamics and biodiversity and the biogeochemical modulation in a globally integrated manner is a challenging task of oceanographers’ community.

  • Publish paper focused on SRS and new metrics of change.

  • Coordinate various Working Groups focused on ‘omics and eDNA; examine linkages to EBS; and identify methods to scale up and quantify processes.

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ENGAGE

OCEANOBS’19 BREAKOUT SESSIONS

Ecosystem Health and Biodiversity

The purpose of the session is to refine and endorse a plan to develop and publish a 10-year blueprint for observing marine life in support of ecological forecasting, local to global ocean health assessments, promoting conservation, and sustaining the blue economy. The plan and vision will be developed by community leaders prior to OceanObs’19. The session will generate a recommendation for the global ocean observing community to integrate marine life and biodiversity into ocean observing efforts; the recommendation will outline requirements for multidisciplinary information to address user needs and promote use of best practices to bring together the observing community to accomplish this very major challenge over the next decade.

Integrate biological observations into the global observing system as an integral and necessary component of ocean ecosystem science and understanding.


Implement available technologies for biological observing now, maximizing access to biological data and information to quantify, explain, and forecast biodiversity changes.


Advance decadal plans for a fully encompassing global ocean observing system that integrates biology, biodiversity, physical and biogeochemical observations.

Environmental DNA in Ocean Observing

The field of environmental DNA (eDNA) is exploding with analysis techniques, autonomous systems and information management evolving and improving rapidly. This session will provide a brief overview of eDNA measurement and issues, organizational efforts by the international eDNA community, improvements in laboratory and in situ techniques, advances in the use of eDNA for ecosystem assessments, and the challenges remaining. We anticipate developing recommendations to advance international use of eDNA in global ocean observing systems.

Build a coordinated, distributed eDNA monitoring network leveraging existing programs; include acoustic, optical, traditional and other environmental measurements when possible.


Develop internationally accepted practices for marine eDNAcollection, analysis, processing, sample archival and data management.


Greatly expand current genomic reference libraries for marine species prioritizing groups based on user needs (EOVs, commercially important, invasive, etc.).