Much of the ocean remains unexplored. The deep sea is one of the last frontiers of ocean discovery and an integral element of the earth system. The rapid technology development is expected to lead to more exciting discoveries of the ocean and its physics, chemistry, and biology, which may result in breakthrough in earth system science.

  • TBD

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Modeling and Assimilation Innovation

This session will focus on ocean reanalyses, beginning with an update from recent assessment and inter-comparison studies, including recent advances and unsolved challenges, developing a vision for sustainable and integrated global ocean observations for climate monitoring and reconstructions, including observational needs for climate products. The discussion will focus on the use of observing system impact studies to improve the optimal deployment of observations and maximize their uptake in climate products and the use of coupled DA to maximize extraction of ocean observational information for improving ocean reanalyses, climate products, and prediction.

Promote investment for organizing workshops, training programs, and targeted meetings in order to enhance the communication between observational and modeling/Data Assimilation (DA) communities.

Encourage Observation System Experiments (OSEs) and Observation System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) to identify best practices.

Utilize model/DA for designing/redesigning observation network, and for planning observation field campaigns to improve modeled physical processes.

Collaborative Science to Enhance Coastal Resilience and Adaptation

Economically Valuing Satellite Aquatic Carbon Observations

NASA’s Decade for Ocean Observation From Space

The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) welcomes OceanObs’19 participants to a dialogue about NASA’s ocean observation plans for the 2020’s. A panel will share highlights of NASA’s on-orbit oceanography missions, upcoming launches – the Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission and the Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, and ocean Ecosystem (PACE) mission, airborne field campaigns – the Oceans Melting Greenland (OMG) project and the Sub-Mesoscale Ocean Dynamics Experiment (S-MODE) project. If time allows, broader links to NASA’s ocean-related science team activities will be discussed. Topics will be presented as “flash” talks by a panel followed by audience questions and discussion with the panelists.

Feedback processes with identified users and resource stakeholders are needed from the beginning, and should be reviewed on an ongoing basis to identify what is fit-for-purpose for users and societal benefit (and to adjust as needed).

Case studies can highlight the value of ocean observing information products so that nations will want to commit to sustained ocean observing activities.

Take into account existing pieces, commitments and regulations for developing a fit-for-purpose ocean observing system.

Observing Needs in the Deep Ocean

The deep ocean (below 200 m) covers over half of the planet and is increasingly recognized as critical in global heat, carbon sequestration and climate dynamics, a receptacle for contaminants and debris, as well as replete with living and non-living resources for society. Due to high pressure and its remoteness, as well as jurisdictional and governance challenges, observing in the deep ocean entails its own unique requirements. As such the deep ocean transcends the many Ocean Obs 19 themes: climate change, ecosystem health, food and energy, pollution, blue economy, observing technology innovation, data innovation, modeling challenges, and a need for community building and system integration.

Extend deep-ocean observing capacities to the global scale as part of the UN Decade – addressing all deep-ocean-relevant EOVs and building on existing assets and networks.

Improve standardization of and access to deep ocean observing data, samples, and derived products.

Facilitate partnerships, collaboration, integration and capacity building across deep-ocean observing communities, including deep-ocean exploration, seafloor mapping and private sectors, through the Deep Ocean Observing Strategy.

Governance Working Group

Developing a funded working group and a series of follow up workshops