SPECIAL AND BREAKOUT SESSIONS

Special and Breakout Sessions were a core component of the OceanObs’19 conference, designed to provide a focused discussion forum for the community.

  • Thirty-eight community-led sessions ran parallel on each core day of the conference (September 17, 18, and 19), categorized by the daily theme: Information, Innovation, and Integration.

  • Sessions generated feedback on the conference themes and goals, including 1-3 specific recommendations on an improved global ocean observing governance and a vision for the next decade of ocean information.

  • Recommendations developed within the sessions can be found in the table below by session. The recommendations will be further synthesized to actionable goals in the Living Action Plan.

OCEANOBS’19 SPECIAL SESSIONS

Tuesday: Information: Sept 17: 1130-1230

LEAD: Australian Institute of Marine Science and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

Room: 319 A/B

Nations with marine territories are blessed with unique economic opportunities as oceans enable global trade through shipping, feed and water people through fishing and desalination and attract tourists and their recreational spending. They have a responsibility for environmental stewardship in order to safely and efficiently extract resources (plant, animal and mineral) in such a way that limits adverse impacts on the environment and other industries and users. Australia is one such nation and the most recent estimate of Australian marine industries was AU$68 billion in 2015/16. Observations are critical in managing our oceans and responding to the challenges faced by our oceans resulting from climate change, pollution, acidification etc. Australia marine research providers have long collaborated to provide high value observations to those with a stake in healthy and sustainable oceans. This event will discuss several case studies linking ocean observations to growth of the blue economy followed by a Panel discussion.

LEAD: European Commission

Room: 316B

To realise a global or a regional fit-for-purpose ocean observing system by 2030 would benefit from consensus as to what fit-for-purpose means. Who are the main stakeholders and how to obtain feedback on the system performance. We will focus on what different users expect, how they can be integrated into putting the system together, how they are involved in design and operation of the system, and how we enhance sustainability of ocean observation systems by 2030. The All-Atlantic Ocean and its connection to the adjacent seas and polar oceans will be taken as an example.

LEAD: Chinese Sponsors Group

Room: 317A

This special session will address nationally coordinated activities on end user engagement and how they interact with global ocean observations.  

LEAD: Clarissa Anderson, Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Room: 323C

This one-hour special session will feature presentations and a roundtable discussion that focus on the design and implementation of a global harmful algal bloom (HAB) observing system integrated with broader conference objectives of observing life in the sea in a changing climate. We will deliver a set of recommendations to the global ocean observing community and the UNESCO SCOR/GlobalHAB program as action items that align with the GOOS framework and respond (but are not limited) to the following objectives: 1) advance and improve cost-effective and sustainable HAB forecast systems that address the HAB-risk warning requirements of key end-users at global and regional levels; 2) incorporate available Earth Observations into monitoring and predictive efforts, including blended model-satellite products and data-assimilative model systems; 3) identify societal priorities with respect to the HAB problem, e.g. public health, food security, clean drinking water, aquaculture, sustainable fishing, tourism and recreation, and 4) form programs with robust communication channels for stakeholders and partners.

LEAD: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

Room: 323 A/B

Response to extreme events demands the world’s best global weather models and the most robust ocean observation systems. Predicting ecosystem-wide weather and marine extremes and hazards has been enhanced by advances in ocean observations and by building cross-disciplinary partnerships between oceanographers and meteorologists. In this session, NOAA will provide an agency overview to show the integration and interconnected contributions necessary to take observations to services across the value chain, and use shared data and information to impactfully save lives in the oceans and along the coasts while sustaining and improving national and local economies. The session will include time for community discussion to help identify gaps and opportunities.

Wednesday: Innovation: Sept 18: 1130-1230

LEAD: Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology

Room: 323 A/B

While long-term ocean observations are critically important for physical, biological, and chemical research of our seas, sustaining routine observations does not always match immediate priorities of research institutions and agencies, such as JAMSTEC. On the other hand, it is true that innovative observing instruments, techniques, and methodologies stem from sustained observations. Taking the evolution of Argo as an example, this session will address the challenges and opportunities of how research institutions enable innovation through both research and sustained activities and how they contribute to the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS).

LEADS: National Aeronautics and Space Administration 

Room: 319 A/B

The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) welcomes OceanObs’19 participants to a dialogue about NASA’s ocean observation plans for the 2020’s. A panel will share highlights of NASA’s on-orbit oceanography missions, upcoming launches – the Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission and the Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, and ocean Ecosystem (PACE) mission, airborne field campaigns – the Oceans Melting Greenland (OMG) project and the Sub-Mesoscale Ocean Dynamics Experiment (S-MODE) project.  If time allows, broader links to NASA’s ocean-related science team activities will be discussed. Topics will be presented as “flash” talks by a panel followed by audience questions and discussion with the panelists.

LEAD: Bruce Howe, University of Hawaii

Room: 316B

We will explore innovation both in furthering the capability of existing platforms as well as new and possible future platforms and shared infrastructure. Of interest are multi-purpose sustainable infrastructure elements that are networked and interconnected to provide system-wide services such as basin scale positioning and navigation and power and communications. The session will develop recommendations for the continuing development and eventual implementation into GOOS.

LEAD: US Department of Energy 

Room: 317A

Ocean observations underpin the Blue Economy, yet most of the ocean remains unexplored and poorly sampled, due in part to lack of sufficient energy to power instruments and platforms. Marine energy from waves, tides, ocean currents, and thermal gradients is plentiful, reliable and, when integrated with ocean observing technologies, could reduce or eliminate many energy constraints. Join representatives from the US Government (including DOE, NOAA, and others) along with international experts from across the ocean observation and marine energy communities to discuss how recently announced research initiatives and energy innovation can lead to entirely new capabilities in ocean observation.

LEAD: Margaret Leinen, Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Francisco Chavez, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

Room: 323C

The field of environmental DNA (eDNA) is exploding with analysis techniques, autonomous systems and information management evolving and improving rapidly. This session will provide a brief overview of eDNA measurement and issues, organizational efforts by the international eDNA community, improvements in laboratory and in situ techniques, advances in the use of eDNA for ecosystem assessments, and the challenges remaining. We anticipate developing recommendations to advance international use of eDNA in global ocean observing systems.

Thursday: Integration: Sept 19: 1130-1230

LEAD: National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, and Center for Southern Hemisphere Oceans Research

Room: 317A

The special session is hosted by National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (QNLM) and co-hosted by Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) and Center for Southern Hemisphere Oceans Research (CSHOR). One of the “societal outcomes” of the UN Decade of Ocean Sciences is “transparent and accessible ocean” through observations, understanding and modelling, leading to a “predicted ocean”, whereby all nations, stakeholders and citizens have access to ocean data and information, technologies, and have the capacities to inform their decisions. This session focuses on how we may best build a global “transparent ocean” community by entraining contribution from more nations to innovation of observing technologies, to building a cost-effective global observing system, and to data-sharing. Another focus of the session is on whether there is need for “between-decadal” conferences in the era of artificial intelligence and deep machine learning, to respond in a timely fashion to scientific and societal needs arising within the UN ocean decade and beyond.

LEAD: Carolyn Scheurle, Institut de la Mer de Villefranche, IMEV

Room: 323 A/B

An ocean-literate person understands the importance of the ocean to humankind, can communicate about the ocean meaningfully and is able to make informed and responsible decisions regarding the ocean and its resources.Today, with the pressing need and the high ambition to increase ocean literacy, science outreach and communication seek to inform citizens – kids and adults – and to share knowledge and values. Together with Frontiers for Young Minds, a panel of marine scientists and outreach experts will present and discuss an original way for science outreach and communication, an ocean Collection for kids and teens, and exchange on its potential for future development.

LEAD: Consortium for Ocean Leadership 

Room: 319 A/B

Sustained ocean observing requires reliable funding and decision support from myriad partner organizations and end-users. This session will examine next steps for galvanizing these stakeholders into an international collective impact organization to strengthen ocean observing governance over the next decade. Town Hall panelists will engage the audience in a discussion about how we develop formal partnerships to augment networks between the ocean observation science community with nonprofits, philanthropic organizations, academia, government agencies, and the commercial sector. The importance of ocean data for national security, the economy, and society, as well the international coordination required to support a global system, makes governments primarily responsible for supporting ocean observations. However, there is an opportunity for new models of support of a sustained observing system within and beyond government structures. Long-term planning and partnerships with private and nonprofit sectors could address some of the challenges in sustaining observations, which includes support for workforce and technology development. Achieving this will require new cooperation beyond what has been achieved to-date. Up to recently, the many ocean organizations that do exist have tended to operate more on their own than jointly. Led by the organizations that coordinated OceanObs’19, this session will engage speakers and the audience in a discussion about how to improve governance to advance ocean observing, addressing broad issues with many constituencies.

LEADS: Lisa Levin, Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Alan Leonardi, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

Room: 316B

Download full agenda here. 

The deep ocean (below 200 m) covers over half of the planet and is increasingly recognized as critical in global heat, carbon sequestration and climate dynamics, a receptacle for contaminants and debris, as well as replete with living and non-living resources for society. Due to high pressure and its remoteness, as well as jurisdictional and governance challenges, observing in the deep ocean entails its own unique requirements. As such the deep ocean  transcends the many Ocean Obs 19 themes: climate change, ecosystem health, food and energy, pollution, blue economy, observing technology innovation, data innovation, modeling challenges, and a need for community building and system integration.

Goals: This session will discuss emergence of key observing needs in the deep ocean with a goal offostering discussion among the very broad group of stakeholders with deep-ocean interests. We explore how to integrate observing programs, data, and models, to address societal needs of the 21st century.

Key questions are:

  1. How can we innovate and facilitate the integrated collection and analysis of physics, geology, biogeochemistry and biology observations?
  2.  How can we bring together the communities of industry, technology, science and conservation to fill deep-ocean data gaps?
  3. How can we address the diverse coordination, management and capacity development needs of the highly distributed observing community?
  4. How can technologies to conduct deep sea observations locally be scaled up to global-scale, multidisciplinary observing networks?
  5. What is required to improve rapid data sharing and access across disciplines and countries?

After a brief introduction to the session, panelists will address these questions in 5 min. flash talks, making specific deep observing recommendations. These presentations will be followed by a half hour of audience questions, feedback and contributions. Our goal is to generate a series of recommendations for a post-Obs’19 task team and for the Decade for Ocean Science. This session will highlight a part of the ocean that is often overlooked or not well considered. We encourage all with an interest in the deep ocean to participate.

 

LEAD: Ocean Networks Canada

Room: 323C

Indigenous nations have been involved in ocean observation for many generations, both through lived experience and through the use of new and emerging methods. However, the use of Indigenous knowledge in ocean observation is not always well understood or engaged by the non-indigenous community. In this session, delegates from Canada, Hawaii, the continental US, New Zealand,  and the Pacific Islands will provide insight on some of the priorities, methods, and values for Indigenous ocean observation today, and for the coming decade, followed by an opportunity for dialogue with the audience. Through this dialogue, this session aims to build relationships to ensure the rights, interests, knowledge, and specific ocean information needs and technical capacities of Indigenous peoples are reflected in the next decade of ocean observation efforts.

OCEANOBS’19 BREAKOUT SESSIONS

Tuesday: Information: Sept 17: 1400-1600

LEAD: Claire Jolly, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Room: 317 A

Ocean observations play a key role in supporting the sustainability imperatives surrounding a growing blue economy. As the breadth and volume of institutional and commercial activities linked to the ocean rise, so too does the need for observational capacity to describe, understand and forecast the ocean. Demonstrating the scientific, social and economic value derived from sustained observations will be essential to making the case for the public and commercial investments needed. Three elements will be addressed during the session: The linkage between ocean observations and sustainable development, with illustrations from different perspectives; Socio-economic value coming from these observations, with lessons learned since the last OceanObs a decade ago (can we better quantify the impacts or is this getting even more complex?); and finally most importantly the ‘so what?’ question: is measuring the value from ocean observations making any difference? Many new requirements for sustainable development of the marine environment remain poorly funded. Are socioeconomic studies impacting programmes in positive ways? What can we do to improve impact?

Welcome and context-setting:

  • Claire Jolly, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Keynotes :

  • Neil Jacobs, NOAA’s Assistant Secretary of Commerce
  • Vladimir Ryabinin, IOC’s Secretary General

Expert presentations:

  • Peer Fietzek, Manager Science & Research (KM Contros), Kongsberg Maritime
  • Tim Moltman, Australia’s Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS)
  • Ralph Rayner, London School of Economics

LEAD: Brian Arbic, University of Michigan and Alexis Valauri-Orton, The Ocean Foundation

Room: 318 A/B

The goal of this session is to make a recommendation to the ocean community on a common strategy that brings together various strands of capacity development for ocean observing, decision making, conservation, and sustainable use across the globe, with an emphasis on SIDS and developing countries. The session will begin with a small number of “lightning talks” on strategies for breaking down barriers to capacity development, and will then turn to participation from the audience to further explore capacity development methods, challenges, and successes. We are keen to have participation from a wide variety of stakeholders, including a healthy mixture of younger and older stakeholders, as well as industry partners, decision makers, conservation and sustainability experts, and ocean scientists.

LEAD: Karina von Schuckmann, Mercator Ocean International

Room: 316 A

Today, the international climate service and policy agenda requires high-quality, scientifically sound, and reliable information requiring sustained observational efforts that feed into gridded products, models, and reanalyses to detect, monitor, understand, and predict climate variations and change. This session aims to refine high-level recommendations for the next decade based on OceanObs’19 Community White Papers focused on ocean related climate indicators such as those developed under GCOS and WCRP, including ocean temperature and heat content, sea level, ocean acidification, air-sea flux, and sea ice extent. The expected outcome of this event is to identify an international roadmap over the next decade to support timely, sustained, and high-quality delivery of ocean Global Climate Indicators with reduced uncertainties and to identify opportunities for  regular joint international assessments.

LEAD: Maury Estes, University of Alabama in Huntsville

Room: 316 B

The purpose of the session is to refine and endorse a plan to develop and publish a 10-year blueprint for observing marine life in support of ecological forecasting, local to global ocean health assessments, promoting conservation, and sustaining the blue economy. The plan and vision will be developed by community leaders prior to OceanObs’19. The session will generate a recommendation for the global ocean observing community to integrate marine life and biodiversity into ocean observing efforts; the recommendation will outline requirements for multidisciplinary information to address user needs and promote use of best practices to bring together the observing community to accomplish this very major challenge over the next decade.

LEAD: Francois Galgani, IFREMER

Room: 323C

The goal of this session is to advance a harmonized approach to the design of regional/national programs and their integration in a global platform/repository. We will discuss common approaches of data collection and management and propose their unification and harmonization. The session will also propose post-conference activities and programs for the next decade and discuss marine litter observation governance.

LEADS:

Jack Barth, Oregon State University

Eitarou Oka, The University of Tokyo

Patricia Miloslavich, University of Tasmania and Universidad Simón Bolívar

Artur Palacz, Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Kim Currie, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research

Meghan Cronin, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Room: Kalakaua Ballroom

SESSION DESCRIPTION: Integrated Ocean Observations I: Across Geographic Scales

The goal of this breakout session, constituting a part of the larger thematic block on “Integrated Ocean Observations,” is to develop a set of recommendations on how the global to coastal ocean observing systems can provide information and ocean products that are most useful to society’s needs. Participants will be invited to bring forward their suggestions on, for example, what innovation is needed to enable high-quality and high resolution measurements in the coastal ocean, noting the importance of regional and global processes to the coastal ocean, or on how to make national and regional systems more interoperable based on common standards and best practices. This session will seek to integrate the different observing approaches, knowledge and experiences of coastal ocean observers and users, and put the recommendations in the context of the vision for an integrated global ocean observing system.

LEAD: Eric Chassignet, Florida State University

Room: 316C

The main goal of this breakout session is to identify post-conference activities and programs that should be carried out over the coming decade to increase synergy between ocean observation initiatives and ocean, weather, and climate forecasting. These activities will guide the actions of OceanPredict, GOOS, WMO, and related communities, focusing on maximizing value from the observing network, improving services to users and gaining scientific and technical efficiencies by bringing together related science communities. The basis for the discussion will consist of the Community White Papers relevant to Ocean, Weather, and Climate Forecasting, including reanalysis, S2S predictions, and OSE/OSSEs.

Wednesday: Innovation: Sept 18: 1400-1600

LEAD: Jonathan White, Consortium for Ocean Leadership 

Room: 323C

Communicating the value of sustained ocean observing systems is urgent and necessary for their implementation, continuity and expansion, and relies on effective dialogue among users at all levels to build support from policymakers and the public. Through presentations, small group discussions, and an open forum, this breakout will examine how academia, industry, government, and nongovernmental organizations involved with global ocean observing currently interact with policymakers, stakeholders and the public, and how to improve those pathways in the future. Key discussion foci and projected outcomes will include (1) broader understanding of how existing ocean observing science and policy areas intersect nationally and internationally, (2) identification of opportunities to build global support for ocean observing through cross-sector and international partnerships, and (3) determination of actions that the ocean observing community should take to more effectively communicate and engage with stakeholders, leaders, and the public worldwide.

LEADS:

Eitarou Oka, The University of Tokyo

Patricia Miloslavich, University of Tasmania and Universidad Simón Bolívar

Jack Barth, Oregon State University

Artur Palacz, Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Kim Currie, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research

Meghan Cronin, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Room: 316A

SESSION DESCRIPTION: Integrated Ocean Observations II: Diverse Stakeholders Needs

This breakout session, constituting a part of the larger thematic block on “Integrated Ocean Observations,” focuses on innovations in the Framework of Ocean Observing (FOO) and its implementation in cross-disciplinary ocean observing systems on different geographical  scales. After an introductory talk on the FOO processes and 3-4 talks by different stakeholders introducing their information and observation needs, the speakers will participate in a round-table discussion of how diverse stakeholders can work together to improve and build existing and emerging observing systems under the FOO in the next decade.  In the final part, audience polling will be used to make consensus recommendations for integrating ocean observations across scales and disciplines to meet expanding user requirements, with FAIR data and synthesized information.

LEAD: Andrea Storto, Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation and Santha Akella, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Room: 323 A/B

This session will focus on ocean reanalyses, beginning with an update from recent assessment and inter-comparison studies, including recent advances and unsolved challenges, developing a vision for sustainable and integrated global ocean observations for climate monitoring and reconstructions, including observational needs for climate products. The discussion will focus on the use of observing system impact studies to improve the optimal deployment of observations and maximize their uptake in climate products and the use of coupled DA to maximize extraction of ocean observational information for improving ocean reanalyses, climate products, and prediction.

 

LEADS: Dana Manalang, University of Washington and Jeff Ellen, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Room: 319 A/B

Technological advancements in ocean observation and communications contribute to the improvement of marine awareness and environmental understanding. This session looks to identify and discuss breakthrough approaches in robotic persistence and scalable platforms and methods of transmitting data for relevant applications. Innovations in this important area can contribute to a better understanding of ocean modeling, marine mammal activity, and weather while reducing cost of capabilities required to obtain this information.

LEAD: Rosemary Morrow, Center for Topographic studies of the Ocean and Hydrosphere

Room: 316B

This session will present the new satellite sensors being developed or proposed over the next decade, to enhance our global observations of ocean surface parameters, many aiming at finer scale ocean processes. The dynamical processes being observed are diverse and complementary (SST, SSS, SSH, winds and waves, ocean color, marine gravity), and their synergestic use will be discussed. Linking these satellite observations of smaller, rapid processes to the upper ocean vertical structure also requires a new reflection on the required in-situ sampling at these scales.

LEAD: Chelle Gentemann, Earth and Space Research

Room: 317A

The evolution of open source software coupled with modern computing platforms enables new scalable scientific approaches. This session will explore applications of open source software to science, discuss popular tools and best practices, identify potential barriers to this rapidly advancing form of collaboration, and generate ideas on how open source software can further benefit the scientific community.

LEAD: Vladimir Ryabinin, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO

Room: 316C

The UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development 2021-2030 will be a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to mainstream ocean science by focusing on existentially important issues of sustainable development, towards “the ocean we need for the future we want”. The upstream element of the entire Decade value chain will be a competent, reliably and durably resourced ocean observing system. The breakout session will review the summary of all planning efforts for the Decade by the time of OceanObs’19 and will try to project it on the potential configuration, existing building blocks, and requirements and incentives for such a competent ocean observing system.

Thursday: Integration: Sept 19: 1400-1600

LEAD: Molly McCammon, Alaska Ocean Observing System and Sandy Starkweather, US Arctic Observing Network and Sustaining Arctic Observing Networks

Room: 316C

SESSION DESCRIPTION: Arctic Observing System: Best practices for developing multi-scale, integrated Arctic observing systems using stakeholder engagement and societal benefit areas

Rapid warming in the Arctic is driving profound environmental and socio-economic change impacting immediate response tactics and long-term planning and policy strategies. Engaging with stakeholders and identifying societal benefit areas can be used to help design integrated observing systems, identify new technologies, and assess their performance across multiple scales. This session will focus on lessons learned, best practices and emerging technologies from existing Arctic systems that can be used elsewhere in the Arctic, as well as other regions of the global ocean to ensure that observing systems are meeting identified needs.

LEAD: Jessica Hausman, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Room: 316B

As technology improves for observing the oceans, the data and output needs to be accessible and comprehensible to not just the measurement team but also to other researchers, science applications, modelers and educators. To reach the widest audience and integrate with various systems and services, the data should have a data management plan and be formatted so it can be interoperable by following conventions and standards set forth by climate, meteorological, oceanographic, and other Earth science communities. This session will discuss the above, what is currently available as resources, and what gaps and other special considerations need to be addressed going into the next decade to make data more accessible and usable to a variety of users.

LEAD: Toste Tanhua, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel

Room: 317A

With a vision for a fully integrated and responsive ocean observing system, a governance system needs to support the design, implementation, evolution, and maintenance of the system that our ocean, governments, and societal need. The present governance arrangements will not be sufficient to realize this ambition, as they do not connect the different communities, networks, and partners in fully achieving their potential and do not allow for full implementation of the concepts identified in the Framework for Ocean Observing. This breakout session will present outcomes from a series of workshops, followed by a moderated panel discussion with the goal of identifying a road map and recommendations for reforming the governance of the ocean observing system.

LEADS:

Patricia Miloslavich, University of Tasmania and Universidad Simón Bolívar

Jack Barth, Oregon State University

Artur Palacz, Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Kim Currie, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research

Meghan Cronin, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Eitarou Oka, The University of Tokyo

Room: 316A

SESSION DESCRIPTION: Integrated Ocean Observations III: Across disciplines and networks

The goal of this breakout session, constituting the third part of the larger thematic block on “Integrated Ocean Observations”, is to provide recommendations to the ocean community on how to fully integrate biological observations into a truly multidisciplinary observing system, from the coast across open ocean, and from the surface to the deep. The session will present a set of priority goals and milestones for the 2019-2029 decade as well as recommendations for the implementation of a multidisciplinary observing system focused on partnerships, communication, best practices, data quality and access, capacity development, and sustainability. The audience will discuss ideas on how each of the goals and milestones may be achieved and reach consensus on priority recommendations for an improved understanding and prediction capacity of life in the ocean.

 

LEAD: Jay Pearlman,  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Room: 319 A/B

In this session, all participants may identify priorities in the creation and evolution of best practices across the ocean value chain, with their adoption at local, regional, and global scales.Through discussion with a panel of experts and the session participants, we will develop a strategy and recommendations to ensure the benefits of best practices are accrued across the ocean community, via sustainability, peer review, clearly defined use cases, and the incorporation of the latest technologies. Of particular interest for science and applications are best practice strategies that lead to consistent and transparent observations in support of high quality science to advance the blue economy, wise conservation of life in the ocean, and sustainable development.

LEAD: Jörn Schmidt, Kiel Marine Science at Kiel University

Room: 318B

The goal of this session is to develop best practice guidelines for bridging indigenous, traditional, local, and scientific knowledge and knowledge holders to develop community-based observing systems, which build on the needs and interest of indigenous, local and scientific communities, producing findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable (FAIR) data that is readily accessible to community and municipal decision maker as well as the scientific community. Differences and similarities between case studies in relation to observing needs, interests, and legal and institutional capacities will help us  develop a draft of the guidelines in preparation for the session. During the session participants will discuss and refine the guidelines and provide recommendations on how to develop a 10-year roadmap for integration of community-engaging and community-owned observing systems into a global observing system.

LEADS:

Aneesh Subramanian, University of Colorado Boulder

Kyla Drushka, University of Washington

Shane Elipot, University of Miami

Room: 323C

Oceanography has entered a realm of big data in recent decades, prompting an increased need for data curation and uncertainty quantification. This session will focus on best practices for the derivation, communication, and utilization of the uncertainties of in-situ, derived, and modeled ocean products. Participants will discuss how uncertainty quantification can be incorporated into analyses, observing system design, data assimilation, and other user applications.

LEAD: Paul DiGiacomo, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Room: 323 A/B

This session will focus on the role of ocean observations and associated research and application development in implementation, monitoring, and reporting in support of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG14 – Life Below Water, as codified in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Given the urgency of a changing ocean and increasing national data needs to ensure the sustainable management of ocean resources, the challenge is to increase significantly the availability and delivery of high-quality, timely, reliable and sustained data that provides fit-for-purpose SDG information. Mechanisms and solutions to facilitate the delivery of this information will be discussed, likewise the role of the upcoming UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development in support of this and other global initiatives.